A Detailed Guide of Vulnerability Assessment

By Prometteur solutions 17 Min Read

Are you looking for a detailed guide on vulnerability assessment? If yes, then you are at the right page.

This blog post will focus on detailing what vulnerability assessment is and how it can help with your security.

What is a Vulnerability Assessment? 

Vulnerability assessment is the process of defining, identifying, categorising, and ranking vulnerabilities in computer systems, applications, and network infrastructures.

Vulnerability tests offer risk backgrounds, knowledge, and the awareness an organisation needs to have a good understanding and effectively respond to threats to its environment. The assessments follow an assessment procedure designed to identify threats and dangers.

After identifying the threats and dangers, the assessment experts write a comprehensive report that contains all the findings. You can perform vulnerability tests using network security scanners and adopting the test automation technique.

Why Is Vulnerability Assessment of IT Systems Crucial?

It is very important to assess the vulnerability nature of your IT systems. The number one reason is for data protection against threats and attacks. Performing vulnerability tests will expose the weak areas of your systems and offer the best ways of fixing them.

Vulnerability assessment also helps businesses to keep up with latest security trends and ensure they have very secure systems.

Another crucial reason for performing this type of security test is to have a good understanding of the type of threats and attacks that you may be dealing with as well as knowing the best ways to solve them. Such knowledge is very good and useful for designing and taking proactive decisions against impending threats and attacks.

Therefore, when businesses engage in performing this test on their IT systems, they will have reduced and better control of their security risks

Best Practices for Vulnerability Assessments

Here are the best practices for vulnerability assessments.

Identifying and describing the  vulnerabilities

Identification and description are important best practices for vulnerability assessments. Although doing these can be  a daunting task, it can attract some serious consequences if not properly done.

Remember that your system is only as secure as its weakest link. So, if you are not aware of those weaknesses,  your company would be very exposed to cyber attacks. This is the number one reason to identify your system’s vulnerable points.

Moving on, is the stage where you must properly define the identified weaknesses. This is also very important because when they are well defined, you will not be working with guess works but facts. You also are able to take realistic steps in fixing and securing your system’s security.

Do you want to get started with your vulnerability assessments? Reach out to us now.

Indicating the  vulnerabilities

Another  best practice for vulnerability assessments is indicating the weaknesses. Every online business deals with its own risks or being targeted and attacked by cybercriminals. 

What makes these risks even more dangerous is that many are either unaware of security measure to take or do not take them to be important. This will mean they may not be able to indicate the weaknesses for proper handling and fixing.

Without understanding and addressing the underlying vulnerabilities in their IT systems, businesses and their customers are at risk of a data breach or other security incidents. A data breach can lead to serious damages and far reaching consequences for the business.

Working with the  best practices for vulnerability assessments is an essential step for ensuring that businesses’ digital assets and their customers’ data are protected. 

Get a vulnerability assessment service for the best company. 

You can contact us to offer you the best and your IT systems will be very secure against cyber attacks, threats and criminals.

Classification of vulnerabilities

Furthermore, best practices for vulnerability assessments is understanding the types of vulnerabilities. This best practice allows businesses to have a good knowledge on what they are dealing with and take the best steps to reduce their risks and improve the security posture of their business. 

Another importance of this step is that it helps businesses in identifying the actual source and nature of the weaknesses. This can be very useful when it comes to the best approach to fixing the issues. They will also know how to prioritise the vulnerabilities for fixing.

As a best practice, classification also allows businesses to have advanced knowledge and deeper understanding of how the vulnerabilities can be exploited. It also points to the best countermeasures that should be considered, adopted and implemented for effective resolution.

Proper implementation of this best practice for vulnerability assessment can serve as remedy for preventing a reoccurring.

Vulnerability prioritization 

From vulnerability classification, the next best practice for vulnerability assessments is prioritisation. This is an integral part of the assessment process.

Prioritisation is based on identification, categorization, and prioritisation of the vulnerabilities that exist within a system or network. 

Vulnerability prioritization is very important for ensuring that vulnerabilities are properly addressed and fixed. It also enhances the allocation of resources.

Without vulnerability prioritization, determining which and which vulnerabilities should be addressed would be a problem. But when you prioritise, you can begin fixing the problems and weaknesses from one to the other until the last one is done.

Disclosing Vulnerability Information 

The best practices for vulnerability assessments continue with reporting the findings to the right teams. This is very important because the tester’s job is to perform the tests, write a comprehensive report of the findings and share them with the right team for fixing.

The tester must have a good understanding of the vulnerabilities that exist in the system as well as how they can be fixed. 

During the assessments, the testers are expected to have very detailed eyes or observation so that they can properly capture the issues in their reports.

Conducting vulnerability assessments helps organizations to identify and address weaknesses in their system before they are exploited by malicious actors. It helps to ensure that their data and systems remain secure. 

Recommending viable countermeasures to existing security holes 

This may sometimes come with the vulnerability report but it may also follow immediately. It is one of the best practices for vulnerability assessments that requires the best recommendations from the expert tester. The recommendations contain countermeasures to fixing the identified vulnerabilities.

Additionally, the provided recommendations should highlight the identified threats and vulnerabilities in order to protect the organization’s assets. 

By observing this best practice, businesses and organizations have a sure way of protecting and securing their networks from cybersecurity threats and attacks.

The 5 Important Vulnerability Assessment Processes Your Team Must Get Right 

We have mentioned that the main aim of performing vulnerability assessments is to identify and fix security loopholes. When all loopholes are fixed, it will be very difficult for cybercriminals to launch a successful attack on your systems and networks. This will help keep your data safe and secure for business.

Let us look at the five important processes.

Identify the potential hazards

Identifying potential hazards is the first vulnerability assessment process that your assessment team needs to get right. If not properly identified, then you will not be able to get rid of the weaknesses and your business will be open to attacks and data breaches.

Identifying potential hazards involves examining the business systems, networks, apps and databases within the environment. Doing this will assist in knowing the areas to focus on and what must be done.

This process also helps businesses to make the right plans and deploy the right resources for addressing the weaknesses before it becomes a bigger and bigger problem. Sometimes the assessment team may identify potential vulnerabilities and will collaborate with the cybersecurity experts to ensure the threats and attacks do  not become a reality.

Determine the risks

Your assessment team has taken the first step; identification of potential hazards. It is now the time to determine the risks. Understand this. There are many potential hazards when it involves security but not all may be related to your systems, computers, networks and work environment. 

Performing risk assessments is how you can identify the potential risks that may be associated with your system or application. This will help you to prioritise the weaknesses based on their severity rates. 

Risk assessment or determining risks in your security system helps in understanding how strong your security posture is. It also exposes you to know which parts of your security posture needs to be improved upon.

Evaluate the defense system

Move on to the third step and evaluate your defense system against threats and attacks. This is a step that requires and involves effective security controls. It reveals to you, the condition of your security framework and how tough they can be towards incoming threats and attacks.

Following this vulnerability assessment step offers businesses an opportunity to identify any gaps in their security measures as well as take the best steps towards resolving them.

Additionally, businesses use this step to also ensure that their security controls are up-to-date and effective in preventing attacks.

Record the findings

You will not just be required to perform the assessment test, you will be asked to write a comprehensive report. It is in the report that many answers are answered so it must be correct and clear for all to read and understand.

The recorded findings will help the business to fully understand their current security environment and posture and plan for best improvements. 

To properly record the findings, the testers must test, record the findings and save the findings in the vulnerability areas of the software.

Periodical review

Having submitted the report, the whole process and results of the assessment must be previewed. This should include the whole process, cross checked with the assessment plans and goals to know how far and how well they have come in the vulnerability assessment

Periodical reviews will also need to be performed to allow the business to follow trends and stay up-to-date with the latest security and vulnerability threats as well as their solutions so that they can take appropriate action to mitigate them. 

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Choosing the Best Vulnerability Assessment Tools

There are so many vulnerability assessment tools out there and choosing the best can be a thug of war. It is, however, important to choose the right one because it can determine the quality of your assessment outcome.

Here are a few things to keep in mind before deciding on a certain vulnerability assessment tool, 


You can not just pick any assessment tool to become an actress. You must ensure that it matches your vulnerability assessment needs. 

While choosing, check for the compatibility of the testing tool with your systems and networks. Doing this will help you in accurately testing and identifying the weaknesses at the right time. 

The right assessment tools come with the right features and functionalities so your tests will be smooth and give you minimal complex issues.

Choosing the right tools helps in quickly identifying the security gaps that may exist and taking the necessary steps to fix them before they expand. 

Finally, the right testing tool helps in ensuring that your business is protected and well secured from cybersecurity criminals

Testing Repetition

Vulnerability assessments are a continuous process. They are not just a one time wonder, so it is important to always consider retesting. 

The world of data breaches and vulnerabilities in software, computers, devices and network systems is evolving, so keep up with security trends and update your security postures. This will give you an enhanced security and protection.

Cloud Support

There are vulnerability testing tools with strong cloud support. This is excellent for businesses that operate with cloud based services. 

Whatever the case, the best vulnerability assessment tools can scan cloud-based platforms and provide detailed reports of any potential security risks. 

Update Quality and Speed

You do not want a vulnerability testing tool without speed and with low quality. It is important to have a testing tool that speeds up the process and still delivers best quality work.

Therefore, a good vulnerability assessment tool should provide reliable results while also being fast enough to keep up with the ever-changing threat landscape.


Prioritization is one of the most important steps of the entire vulnerability assessment process. After performing the tests and getting the results. It is expected that the reports and recommendations are written based on priority levels. 

The team should be sorting out which is more important and which is less important. The report should already have all of that sorted out. By using the best vulnerability testing tool, determining which is more important would be a seamless process.

The tool achieves this by automatically analysing the reports and determining which vulnerability issues have the most dangerous effects on the business. 

Industry Standards

As you choose the best tool for your assessment, ensure you consider industry standards for security and safety. You do not want a tool that comes with inferior features and functionalities or does not meet the industry’s standards for a good tool. 

You may also consider the industry of your business and how suitable the tool is for testing such business systems and computers. Choose a tool that suits your industry and conform with the standards.

We hope you enjoyed our article about vulnerability assessments. If you want the best vulnerability assessment tools, adoption of the best assessment strategies and the best teams, reach out to us.

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